Another ancient creed which expresses a contrast between aspects of Jesus’ life is 2 Timothy 2:8.^5 Here Jesus’ birth in the lineage of David is contrasted with his resurrection from the dead, again showing the early Christian interest in linking Jesus to history.^6 Similarly, Romans 1:3–4 is also an ancient, pre-Pauline creed.^7 It juxtaposes the man Jesus “made of the seed of David according to the flesh” with the divine Jesus whose claims were vindicated by his rising from the dead.^8 For our present purposes, we need only note the early interest in Jesus’ earthly, physical connections, as he was born of a descendant of David’s family. As Moule relates, it was the same human Jesus who lived, died and was later vindicated.^9