Introduction

The Readiness of the Ancient World to Receive Christianity

Intertestamental Period

Apostolic Fathers: Clement. Ignatius.

The Apologetic Movement. Celsus, Justin Martyr.

Logos and the Doctrine of God. Gnosticism. Marcion.

Irenaeus, Tertullian, and Hippolytus.

Covenants, Church Fathers.

Neo-Platonism: Plotinus. Clement of Alexandria. Origen.

The Theology of Origen

Monarchianism. Sabellius. The Arian Controversy. Nicaea.

Athanasius, Marcellus, Gregory of Nyssa, Basil, John of Damascus.

School of Antioch. Theodor of Mopsuestia. Apollinarius. Nestorius. Cyril. Chalcedon.

Dionysius the Areopagite

Tertullian. Cyprian. Augustine.

Augustine (continued)

Augustine (continued)

Augustine. Pelagius.

Augustine. Donatism. The Medieval Church. Scholasticism. Mysticism.

Medieval Period: Nominalism, Realism, Monasticism, Crusades.

Medieval Period (continued)

Anselm and His Arguments

Abelard. Bernard of Clairvaux. Mysticism.

Thirteenth Century: Joachim di Fiore, Franciscan theology, Dominic.

Medieval Theology. Thomas Aquinas and Duns Scotus.

Pelagius and Aquinas

Ethical Teachings (Aquinas). Nominalism (Wm. Occam). German mysticism (Eckhart).

Pre-Reformers, the Counter-Reformation. Council of Trent.

Justification by Faith Alone. Sacraments. Papal Infallibility. Jansenism.

The Reformation: Luther and Catholicism

Penance and Luther’s Attacks. Erasmus. Muenzer.

Reformation Sects. Luther’s Teachings – Faith, Concept of God.

Luther (cont.) Christology, Doctrines of the Church and State. Zwingli.

Zwingli and Luther. Calvin.. Predestination and Providence. Capitalism. Church and State.

Calvin: Predestination, Providence, Capitalism, Church and State, Biblical Authority.

Protestant Orthodoxy. Pietism.

Pietism. Enlightenment. Autonomy. Heteronomy. Locke. Deism. Modern Development. Final Remarks.

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