38 Bruce, Christian Origins, pp. 54–55.

39 This quotation was taken from the reading in The Babylonian Talmud, transl. by I. Epstein (London: Soncino, 1935), vol. III, Sanhedrin43a, p. 281.

40 Greek stauros, as in such references as Matt. 27:31; Mark 15:13, 14, 20, 27, etc.

It is interesting that there is no explanation as to why Jesus was crucified (“hanged”) when stoning was the prescribed punishment. It is likely that the Roman involvement provided the “change of plans,” without specifically being mentioned here.