Numerous sources assert (106)that Jesus was raised from the dead (creeds: Luke 24:34; Acts 2:24, 31–32; 3:15, 26; 4:10; 5:30; 10:40; 13:30–37; 2 Tim. 2:8; Clement; Ignatius; Justin; Gospel of Truth; Gospel of Thomas; Treatise on Resurrection). Strong evidence for the resurrection appearances comes from the

(107)early reports of this event, probably dating from the AD 30s, and from the eyewitnesses themselves, who reported having seen the risen Jesus personally (creeds: 1Co 15:3ff.; Luke 24:34; Acts 2:32; 3:15; 5:30–32; 10:39–42; 13:28–31).

More specifically, reports indicated (108)that Jesus appeared to Peter (creeds: 1 Cor. 15:5; Luke 24:34) and (109–110)to the other disciples on more than one occasion (creeds: 1 Cor. 15:5, 7; Acts 10:39–42; 13:28–31; cf. Josephus; Ignatius; Justin), (111)as well as to over 500 people at once (creed: 1 Cor. 15:6). (112)Jesus invited them to touch his resurrected body (Phlegon), which they did (Ignatius),

(113)and he even ate and drank in their presence (creed: Acts 10:41; Ignatius). During this time, Jesus also taught his disciples (114)concerning the Old Testament prophecy that he had fulfilled (Justin) and (115)told them to preach the gospel (creed: Acts 10:42). But Jesus did not appear only to believers. For instance, he was seen by two of the best known skeptics in the early church—(116)James, the brother of Jesus (creed: 1 Cor. 15:7) and (117)Paul (creed: 1 Cor. 15:8).

If Jesus is the man buried in the Shroud of Turin and the cloth is not a fake, there are additional evidences here for his resurrection from the dead. (118)There is no decomposition on the shroud, indicating a hasty departure of the body. But further,

(119)the body buried in the cloth was apparently not unwrapped, while (120)the most probable cause for the image on the shroud is a scorch from a dead body.