9 Barnabas, 5.

10 Justin Martyr, First Apology, XLVII.

11 Ibid., XXXIV. Quotations from the works of Justin Martyr are taken from the Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 3.

These two references state several items surrounding Jesus’ birth. (1)He was born of a virgin, (2)while he was a physical descendant of Jesse, of the tribe of Judah. (3) The village of Bethlehem was his birthplace, (4)which was located thirty-five stadia (approximately five miles) from Jerusalem. (5)The location and fact of Jesus’ birth could be verified by consulting the records of Cyrenius, the first procurator of Judea.