2 Quotations from the apostolic fathers are taken from J.B. Lightfoot, The Apostolic Fathers.

3 Clement of Rome, Corinthians, 42.

From Gary R. Habermas, The Historical Jesus – Ancient Evidence For The Life Of Christ (in print at Amazon)

(4)With the additional certainty of Scripture, the apostles spread the gospel. (5)Wherever the gospel was preached and local congregations were started, leaders were chosen to minister to the believers.

This certification of a chain of authority from God to Jesus to the apostles to the early Christian elders is interesting not only in that it was the basis for early doctrinal proclamation and church organization. Additionally, Clement of Rome anchors this authority in the belief that Jesus was raised from the dead and in the Scripture. A miraculous event in history was thus taken as the basic sign of authority behind the preaching of the earliest Christian message. Ignatius