Hypostatic Union The union of the divine and human natures of Christ in one hypostasis, or substance

Iconoclast One who believes religious images are idols and those who venerate them are idolaters

Iconodule One who venerates religious images, but does not worship them

Iconolater One who worships religious images

Iconostasis A partition, made up of icons, that separates the sanctuary from the nave

Kenosis Literally, “emptying”; specifically, the impoverishment of the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity when he willing assumed human nature

203 This is taken from Mahmoud Zibawi, Eastern Christian Worlds. (Collegville: The Liturgical Press, 1995) p. 271-272, and Mahmoud Zibawi. The Icon: Its Meaning and History. (Collegeville: The Liturgical Press, 1993) p. 173-174.

Mandylion A cloak, a small cloth, a napkin

Maphorion A garment covering the head and shoulders and traditionally worn by the Mother of God and holy women in artistic representation

Monophysitism A doctrine that Christ possessed one source of activity or “energy”

Nestorians Those who believe there are two separate Persons in Christ, one divine, the other human

Orant A representation of the Mother of God or a Saint with arms extended and hands raised to shoulder level or higher in a gesture of prayer

Pantocrator Christ represented as Ruler of Everything

Proskynesis Gesture of prostration and reverence

Quinisext A 7th century council complementary to the use of icon

Theotokos Mary, Mother of God

Theosophy A belief in intuitive knowledge of the Divine which is superior to that of historical religions or of philosophy or empirical science

Zoographe An iconographer, a painter


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[http://www.orthodoxinfo.com/general/icon_function.htm] (read 5 pages)

Clendenin, Daniel B., Eastern Orthodox Christianity: A Western Perspective. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 1994 (read 95 pages)

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