Hypostatic Union The union of the divine and human natures of Christ in one hypostasis, or substance

Iconoclast One who believes religious images are idols and those who venerate them are idolaters

Iconodule One who venerates religious images, but does not worship them

Iconolater One who worships religious images

Iconostasis A partition, made up of icons, that separates the sanctuary from the nave

Kenosis Literally, “emptying”; specifically, the impoverishment of the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity when he willing assumed human nature

203 This is taken from Mahmoud Zibawi, Eastern Christian Worlds. (Collegville: The Liturgical Press, 1995) p. 271-272, and Mahmoud Zibawi. The Icon: Its Meaning and History. (Collegeville: The Liturgical Press, 1993) p. 173-174.

Mandylion A cloak, a small cloth, a napkin

Maphorion A garment covering the head and shoulders and traditionally worn by the Mother of God and holy women in artistic representation

Monophysitism A doctrine that Christ possessed one source of activity or “energy”

Nestorians Those who believe there are two separate Persons in Christ, one divine, the other human

Orant A representation of the Mother of God or a Saint with arms extended and hands raised to shoulder level or higher in a gesture of prayer

Pantocrator Christ represented as Ruler of Everything

Proskynesis Gesture of prostration and reverence

Quinisext A 7th century council complementary to the use of icon

Theotokos Mary, Mother of God

Theosophy A belief in intuitive knowledge of the Divine which is superior to that of historical religions or of philosophy or empirical science

Zoographe An iconographer, a painter

Bibliography

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Attwater, Donald, The Churches Of The East, Volume II: Churches Not In Communion With Rome. Milwaukee, WI: The Bruce Pub. Co., 1962.

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Baggley, John. Doors of Perception: Icons And Their Spiritual Significance. Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1988. (skimmed/read 90 pages)

Barasch, Moshe. Icon: Studies in the History of an Idea. New York, NY: New York University Press, 1992. (read 25 pages)

Begbie, Jeremy (Ed.). Beholding the Glory: Incarnation Through The Arts. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 2000. (read 50 pages)

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Calian, Carnegie S., Theology Without Boundaries: Encounters of Eastern Orthodoxy and Western Tradition. Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1992 (read 25 pages)

Cavarnos, Constantine. The Functions of Icons. Chapter III from Orthodox Iconography (Belmont, MA: Institute for Modern Greek and Byzantine Studies, 1992 [1977]), pp. 30-35.
[http://www.orthodoxinfo.com/general/icon_function.htm] (read 5 pages)

Clendenin, Daniel B., Eastern Orthodox Christianity: A Western Perspective. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 1994 (read 95 pages)

Clendenin, Daniel B., Eastern Orthodox Theology: A Contemporary Reader. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 1995 (read 40 pages)

Coniaris, Anthony M., Introducing the Orthodox Church: Its Faith and Life. Minneapolis, MN: Light and Life Pub., 1982. (read 190 pages)