It is possible that a key outcome of a renewed seriousness about the priestly nature of the artist is that there will also be a renewed interest in a different kind of training for the arts in the church. In most of past evangelicalism, training in the arts has focused on skill rather than a pastoral and theological emphasis. In this way, the artist has been seen as a less significant contributor to those who handle words. However, if the approach to artistic training has more to do with theology and spirituality but includes technique and skill, it is possible that artists will have the potential to take their place as priest in the body of Christ.

202 This can and should be extended to all areas of the arts, including music. If the same expectations were in place for those who lead in musical worship, there would be far less likelihood of poor theology in our hymns and songs as well.


The title of this project is “The Theology and Use Of Icons In Orthodox Churches and Potential Applications For The Use Of Symbol In Contemporary Evangelical Churches”. In many ways, this has been a journey in the attempt to identify whether the icon even has potential for application in evangelical post- modernity. In conclusion, the resounding answer is “yes”! In fact, it is very likely that a theologically appropriate use of image in evangelical post-modernity is essential for effective ministry. Evangelicals have the profound and unique opportunity to radically influence the introduction of images into worship. Rather than just “let it happen” it is extremely important that images be introduced in a thoughtful and careful way. This will provide the potential for stable long-term use of image and, potentially other of the arts as well. If image is not introduced in a careful, thoughtful way, it is likely that the future of evangelicalism will hold yet another iconoclasm, because iconoclasm often is not a result of the use of image but the inappropriate use of image. The time is ripe for the prevention of this future iconoclasm and the blessing of the introduction of the use of symbol in contemporary evangelical churches.

Glossary [203]

Acathistus Hymn A Greek liturgical hymn in honor of the Mother of God said standing, hense its title Acathistus (“not sitting”)

Anamnesis Remembrance, commemoration: the Eucharistic anamnesis recalls the work of salvation that God accomplished and the institution of the Lord’s Supper

Apophatic Refers to a spirituality which emphasizes the inadequacy of human language to express anything about God

Assiste Features and lines of gold decorating certain elements of iconography, such as the vestments and the wings of angels

Deesis Literally “supplication”; specifically, a representation of the Holy Mother of God and St.John the Baptist standing on either side of Christ and imploring mercy for the world

Hesychasm Retreat of the created into silence, calmness, quiet, and solitude

Hodegitria “She Who Shows the Way”; a representation of the Mother of God holding the Child in her left arm and pointing to him with her right hand