Here, from the evolutionary point of view, is the problem. Scholars like anthropologist Scott Atran presume that religious beliefs are nothing more than illusions. Atran contends that religious belief requires taking “what is materially false to be true” and “what is materially true to be false:’ Atran and others believe that religion requires a commitment to “factually impossible worlds.” The question, then, is why humans would evolve in such a way that they come to believe in things that don’t exist.