Although Greece (or Hellas [as is the name used by Greeks themselves]) is only half as large as the State of New York, it holds a very important place in the history of the world.

Greece is situated in the southern part of Europe, cut off from the rest of the continent by a chain of high mountains which form a great wall on the north. It is surrounded on nearly all sides by the blue waters of the Mediterranean Sea, which stretch so far inland that it is said no part of the country is forty miles from the sea, or ten miles from the hills.