117 Quenot, 1991, p. 100.
118 Zibawi, 1993, p. 40.
119 Ibid, p. 41.
120 Ibid, p. 47.
121 Ouspensky, 1992, p. 166.
122 Viktor Nikitich Lazarev. The Russian Icon: From Its Origins to the Sixteenth Century. (Collegeville: The Liturgical Press, 1997), p. 142, 144, 148, 194, 316, 252, respectively.

The Eastern Orthodox cross always includes the footrest and nameplate. The footrest allows Christ to stand rather than to hand by his arms and hands.123 Again, this contributes to a sense of the transcendent in the icon, and, specifically, in the face of Christ. The subject (Christ) has risen above the things of this world.124 We see this same transcendence in the description of the face of Stephen while he is being stoned to death (Acts 7:54-56). This is true of any “transfigured” person in the bible.