The parallel with the contest between Marduk and Tiamat, in which winds controlled by Marduk burst Tiamat open, has been noted by many informed readers; barley-cake plays the same role as the wind.

As a result, the Babylonians are indignant, and threaten the king if he does not give them Daniel. Daniel is handed over, and thrown into a lions’ den. The prophet Habakkuk is miraculously recruited and brought to share a meal with Daniel in the den. When Daniel is found alive in the den seven days later, the king throws his persecutors to the lions, who eat and kill them.

The lions’ den

The third narrative (14:31–42), Daniel in the Lions’ Den, may be a retelling of Daniel’s first trip from (6:1-28) or may describe a separate incident. It has been made into a consequence of the preceding episode, but the Septuagint precedes it with the notice, “From the prophecy of Habakkuk, son of Joshua, of the tribe of Levi.” Daniel remains unharmed in the den with seven lions, fed by the prophet Habakkuk, who was taken to the lion’s den by an angel. “Upon the seventh day the king went to bewail Daniel: and when he came to the den, he looked in, and behold, Daniel was sitting. Then cried the king with a loud voice, saying, Great art thou, O Lord God of Daniel, and there is none other besides thee. And he drew him out: and cast those that were the cause of his destruction into the den: and they were devoured in a moment before his face.”