Another writer who espoused the ideas of the Enlightenment was Voltaire. He was heavily critical of the Catholic Church, championing freedom of religion, of expression, and of the press.23 He brought into question the privileges of the church, and its close political ties with the monarchy and nobility. Through his vocal criticisms of the church and the ‘unenlightened’ state, the concept of la nation, untainted by ridicule and suspicion, met a growing need amidst the educated people for an outlet for their love of country.24