It is true, however, that the creation account in Genesis does not prepare us for the discovery that man has about 98 percent of his DNA in common with apes. In his Descent of Man, Darwin writes that “man … still bears in his bodily frame the indelible stamp of his lowly origin.” Our resistance to this is not religious; it is because we sense a significant chasm between ourselves and chimpanzees.

Of course Darwin is not saying that man is descended from chimpanzees, only that apes and man are descended from a common ancestor. Whatever the merits of this theory, there is no reason to reject it purely on biblical grounds. Christians since medieval times have agreed with Aristotle that man is an animal—a “rational animal,” but still an animal.