It is because of this attention among the general populace that we have considered these popularistic “lives of Jesus” in this chapter. Accordingly, we investigated hypotheses involving swoon, Qumran connections, perversions of Jesus’ message, and theses involving Jesus as an international traveler. Each was refuted on its own grounds by a number of criticisms.

Louis Cassels responded rather harshly to such “debunking” attempts:

You can count on it. Every few years, some “scholar” will stir up a short-lived sensation by publishing a book that says something outlandish about Jesus.