In France, debates concerning the European identity of Russia go on. I am often asked about this gaullian boundary that is the Ural. The Ural range, a physical boundary that divideds Europe from Asia; is it really also a boundary in the heart of Russia or of Europe? We may also ask if the peoples and ethnic groups that dwell east of the Ural are different from those that inhabit the western side. To whomever is acquainted with Russia, such questions may seem ludicrous, yet they are in no way uneducated inventions, and, in my opinion, understandable, as far as De Gaulle’s semantic mistake is concerned, as well as the general lack of knowledge regarding Russia.