We often hear a wide diversity of arguments put forth in particular regarding the expansion of the European Union, but not only. What is Europe? Where does it start, and where does it end? Typically, the European continent’s boundaries are set at the Ural Mountains in the East, and the Sea of Marmara and the Dardanelles (the ancient Hellespont) in the southeast.

Yet by setting such geographical boundaries based on geological features, we immediately encounter problems: what of the entire portion of Russia west of the Ural? What of Ukraine, Belarus, and their neighbors? What of Iceland? What to do, finally, with Turkey, since a portion of its territory is technically in Europe according to the definition above?