The ethic of self-preservation and psychic survival is rooted, then, not merely in objective conditions of economic warfare, ris­ing rates of crime, and social chaos but in the subjective experi­ence of emptiness and isolation. It reflects the conviction—as much a projection of inner anxieties as a perception of the way things are—that envy and exploitation dominate even the most intimate relations. The cult of personal relations, which becomes increasingly intense, as the hope of political solutions recedes, conceals a thoroughgoing disenchantment with personal rela­tions, just as the cult of sensuality implies a repudiation of sen­suality in all but its most primitive forms. The ideology of per­sonal growth, superficially optimistic, radiates a profound despair and resignation. It is the faith of those without faith.