But there was another domain in which the Church made its authority felt, and which would perhaps have deeper and more long-lasting consequences: the moral domain. This is primodrial because it addresses not just ecclesiastical matters, but social matters, that is, to the whole society, including (we could even say, beginning with) the emperor. We will recall St. John Chrysostom’s critics of Emperess Eudoxia’s extravagant behavior (for which he was twice exiled and died the second time). But the best and most powerful illustration of the Church’s guardianship of the new unwritten moral laws is perhaps the story of St. Ambrose, bishop of Milan, humiliating the Emperor. Let us briefly recall here that Theodosius, the emperor, had put to death 7,000 of the citizens of Thessalonica, Greece, in retaliation for the murder of the Roman governor there. On his return to Milan, the bishop barred him access to the church, holding this discourse reported by Theodoret: