Is the study of Karl Marx still relevant today? After all, all the communists regimes have fallen and failed, except for a few that persist amidst difficulties, and reading Marx today therefore seems irrelevant to us. Yet, there is much in Marx that can be drawn out if we know what his goals were.

Marx is known to us as the father of the communist doctrine, i.e. the socio-political regime founded on the proletariat after these had overthrown the capitalistic class. An aspect of the new form of society that Marx imagined is the equality of all resulting from the common possession of the means of production, ushering in a new age of happiness for all–as oposed to happiness only for the few capitalistic owners of the means of production. But this aspect only comes at the end of Marx’s analysis, it is what he thought the world should be. It is the product of a reflexion on how the ultimate utopian society would come into being. Marx’s interest lies primarily in the philosophy of History. For sure, his vision of history is typical of that of the 19th century man: History progressed in a straight line representing evolution from a primitive to an evolved, perfected stage or state of being.