Jacqueline de Romilly was a French philologist, classical scholar and fiction writer, one of France’s leading scholars of Greek civilization and language and only the second woman to be elected to the Académie Française.

Born in Chartres, Eure-et-Loir, she studied at the Lycée Molière, where she was won the Concours général in Latin and took second prize in Greek in 1930. She then prepared for the École Normale Supérieure at the Lycée Louis-le-Grand. She entered the class of 1933 of the ENS Ulm. She passed the agrégation in classics in 1936, and became a doctor of letters in 1947.